The aim of this article is to give you information on the subject of some of the concerns you might have related to ovulation pain. What is ovulation pain? What causes ovary pain during ovulation? What are the signs of ovary pain during ovulation? Why is there sometimes ovulation pain after ovulation?
Ovulation pain is a type of ovarian pain which occurs in about one woman in five in their child-bearing years. Typically, ovary pain during ovulation happens about two weeks before the menstrual cycle, when one of the ovaries releases an ovum or egg. Intensity of aching during ovulation varies from woman to another. Some women feel mild discomfort, others undergo harsh pain and cramping. Ovary pain during ovulation can last for a few minutes or a few days. Another name for pain during ovulation is Mittelschmerz, which is German for "mid pain."
Soreness during ovulation can be a symptom of an underlying gynecological disorder, but this is generally not the case. Nevertheless, severe, prolonged painful ovulation (exceeding two or three days) or heavy bleeding should prompt a visit or a call to your doctor.
Why do some women have ovulation pain? The exact cause of discomfort during ovulation is uncertain, but researchers have come up with some possibilities.
The most probable possibilities focus on ovarian follicles, the sac-like structures in which eggs develop. One theory suggests that during ovulation, the follicle bursts open, releasing the egg into the fallopian tube. It might be that the expanding follicle stretches the membrane of the ovaries, which causes soreness during ovulation.
Another theory suggests that when the egg matures, it bursts from the follicle, which results in minor internal bleeding. This bleeding may irritate the lining of the uterus, causing ovary pain during ovulation.
As previously mentioned, soreness during ovulation is quite common and in most cases is not an indication of any underlying disorder. But sometimes it can be a symptom of a problem that's developing. These are some of the possibilities.
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease - Many women know this condition simply as PID. PID is characterized by inflammation in a woman's reproductive organs. It's not unusual to get PID if you already have chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Ectopic pregnancy - An ectopic pregnancy takes place when a fertilized egg begins to develop outside the ueterus - frequently in a fallopian tube. Vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping are among the prominent symptoms. It is considered to be a serious medical condition and immediate professional care is important.
Endometriosis - When the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, grows outside the uterus, the condition is known as endometriosis. Abnormal menstrual discomfort is typical when you have endometriosis, as is pain during intimacy.
Ovary cyst - These are pouches filled with fluid that appear on an ovary. Frequently, an ovarian cyst is harmless, but this is not always the case.
Salpingitis - Inflammation of the fallopian tubes, usually due to infection. Tubal inflammation accounts for roughly one in every six hospital admissions related to female reproductive problems.
What about post ovulation pain? Pain after ovulation may be caused by a small leakage of blood from the ovary during ovulation. This leakage may trigger irritation. The seriousness of this variety of pain following ovulation depends on how much leakage there has been and a number of other variables. Other issues related to the reproductive system, such as fibroids or PCOS can also result in pain after ovulation. You should discuss these topics with a health care provider.
Keep in mind that the pain from an inflamed appendix is can be mistaken for ovulation pain. If your pain is persistent and worsening on the right side of the abdomen, with nausea and vomiting, seek medical attention immediately.
There are other diseases and conditions that can cause discomfort similar to ovulation pain too. These are mostly gastrointestinal problems, such as a perforated ulcer, gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
Again, ovulation pain is typically harmless and is temporary, although it can be particularly painful for some women as long as it lasts. It is important to know when mid-cycle pain can be a symptom of something more threatening. As with most illnesses and diseases, diagnosing a problem early increases the chances of a favorable outcome.